Central Kalahari The Kalahari is the largest sand basin in the world, stretching across seven countries and covering the heart of Botswana. The Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR), located in central Botswana is the largest game reserve in Africa. Although it contains no permanent surface water resource, the CKGR' average rainfall is higher than a true desert. A surprisingly large number of plants and animals have adapted to the desert's conditions, especially after the seasonal rains. Acacia trees and endless grassland plains blanket the landscape where you might see springbok, wildebeest, cheetah, leopard, lion, brown and spotted hyena and wild dog to name just a few. The southern part of the Central Kalahari is also home to the San Bushmen, nomadic hunter gathers who have inhabited the Kalahari for the past 30,000 years.